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Which countries will King Charles III rule? | Explanatory news

The accession of King Charles III led to further calls in Caribbean countries to remove the monarch from their head of state.

The death of Queen Elizabeth II has sparked an outpouring of condolences from around the world, but in some former colonies there are questions about the future of the monarchy.

The accession of King Charles III to the British throne has renewed calls from Caribbean politicians and activists to remove him as their head of state.

We examine the debate that is taking place around the Commonwealth.

What is the Commonwealth and the Kingdom?

  • The Commonwealth is a political association of 56 countries, mostly former British colonies.

  • The voluntary association covers 2.5 billion people worldwide. Togo and Gabon became the newest members this year, despite never having been under British rule.
  • Of these 56 countries, 14 are part of the Commonwealth realm; these countries still keep King Charles as their monarch.

  • Besides the UK, these countries include Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Bahamas, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, St. Kitts- and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu. .

  • The other countries became independent after Queen Elizabeth II took the throne in 1952, and many have since rejected the monarchy, but she saw the Commonwealth as a way to hold the various nations together.

  • At a summit in 2018, Commonwealth leaders confirmed that Charles would follow her as head of the organization when she died.

  • However, calls for change are growing within the Commonwealth realm, and some countries have expressed interest in becoming a republic.

Which countries are considering a change?

  • Antigua and Barbuda, Jamaica, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.

  • Shortly after Charles was confirmed king of Antigua and Barbuda, Prime Minister Gaston Browne said he intended to hold a referendum on the republic “within the next three years”.

  • “It is not an act of hostility or any difference between Antigua and Barbuda and the monarchy, but it is the last step to complete this circle of independence,” he told the channel. ITVNews.

  • Calls for change are also mounting in Jamaica, where Prime Minister Andrew Holness told Charles’ son William in March that the nation was “moving forward” as an independent country.

  • An August survey showed 56% of Jamaicans backing the removal of the British monarch as head of state.

  • In Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves proposed a referendum in July but said he would only pursue it if there was bipartisan support.

  • The royal family said they would not stand in his way.

  • “I want to make it clear, as I have said before, that the constitutional arrangement of each member, whether as a republic or a monarchy, is solely for the decision of each member country,” Charles told a summit. of the Commonwealth in June this year.

Which countries want to stay the same?

  • So far Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu.

  • New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said on Monday that her government would not seek to become a republic after the death of Queen Elizabeth II.

  • Ardern said she believed New Zealand would eventually become a republic, and that would likely happen in her lifetime, but there were more pressing issues for her government.

  • In Canada, Republicans are in the minority and on Saturday, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau affirmed the country’s loyalty to the new king.

  • “On behalf of the Government of Canada, we affirm our loyalty to the new King of Canada, His Majesty King Charles III, and offer him our full support,” Trudeau said.

  • The issue of Australia becoming a republic is a hotly debated topic, with polls over the years showing nearly equal support for monarchists and republicans.

  • Australia held a republican referendum in 1999, which was narrowly defeated.

  • Asked in a radio interview if the Queen’s death brings Australia closer to a republic, Prime Minister Anthony Albanese said now was not the time to talk about it.

  • Leaders of Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu have voiced support for the monarchy in recent days.

What is the position of the remaining five countries?

  • The remaining five countries are the Bahamas, Belize, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Saint Lucia.

  • Barbados’ decision to relinquish the Queen as head of state in November 2021 was seen as a boost for the Republican cause, and Belize has said it wants to follow suit.

  • In the Bahamas, following a visit by the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, Prime Minister Phillip Davis said he hoped that during the celebrations of the 50th anniversary of independence, “there will be a discussion and a lively debate about our future: about who we are and what we want to be.”

  • In Grenada, people have also questioned the role of the crown in the country and Arley Grill, the chairman of the Grenada National Reparations Committee, said earlier this year that the monarchy had lost “its relevance and his importance “.

  • In April, Saint Kitts and Nevis also indicated its intention to review its relationship with the monarchy.

  • “As the decades go by, we have learned that now is the time for St. Kitts and Nevis to review its monarchical system of government and begin the dialogue to transition to a new status,” said Shawn Richards, vice-president. Prime Minister.

  • And in Saint Lucia, there have also been calls to become a republic. In April, former Prime Minister Allen Chastanet said he supported those calls.

  • “I certainly believe, like many other people, that the time has come to make this change to become a republic,” he said.