Citizens’ Rights: Roles and Responsibilities of Central and State Agencies in Mumbai |
In addition to the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM), various agencies are involved in the planning, execution and modernization of Mumbai’s infrastructure needs. These agencies play various roles with different responsibilities contributing to the overall development of the city.
Mumbai Metropolitan Area Development Authority (MMRDA) MMRDA was established under the Mumbai Metropolitan Development Act 1974 on 26th January 1975. MMRDA deals with the planning and promotion of new centers growth in the form of commercial development districts, and the implementation of key infrastructure projects in the city of Mumbai and its satellite towns.
MMRDA also helps guide investments in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR). This includes the Mumbai Metro projects and the Mumbai Monorail project. Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation Limited (MMRCL) MMRCL is the sole executing agency of the city’s first underground metro corridor between Colaba and Seepz in the western suburbs.
It is also known as the Metro-3 Underground Corridor. MMRCL is a joint venture between the state government and the central government in which the two hold a 50/50 stake. National High Speed Rail Corporation Limited (NHSRCL) NHSRCL was incorporated on February 12, 2016 under the Companies Act 2013, for the purpose of financing, constructing, maintaining and managing the High Speed Rail Corridor in India .
NHSRCL is currently working on India’s first bullet train or bullet train project linking Mumbai and Ahmedabad. Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation (MSRDC) The MSRDC is a company established and wholly owned by the Government of Maharashtra by a resolution on 9th July 1996 and was incorporated as a limited liability company under the Companies Act 1956 on 2 August 1996.
The MSRDC is mainly involved in the construction of road projects and flyover projects for which it has toll collection rights. The MSRDC built India’s first maritime link between Bandra and Worli. Brihanmumbai Electricity Supply and Transport (BEST) BEST company is a public civic transport and electricity supplier based in Mumbai. It was originally established in 1873 as a tram company called ‘Bombay Tramway Company Limited’.
The BEST takes care of the electricity supply of the island city and also operates the BEST buses in the city. Mumbai Port Trust The Mumbai Port Trust, along with the Maharashtra Maritime Board, manages and manages water transport traffic in the city. The port trust handles cruise and container traffic and also regulates ferry transport in the city.
Maharashtra Housing and Area Development Authority (MHADA) MHADA was established by the Maharashtra Housing and Area Development Act 1976. The role of the authority is to build affordable houses in the state and in the city for the masses. Apart from houses, the MHADA also builds shops at affordable rates. The MHADA organizes its annual lottery in which hundreds of thousands of citizens apply to be allocated affordable housing. It is also the sole authority for building affordable housing for all under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY).
Slum Upgrading Authority (SRA) The Slum Upgrading Act 1995 was passed by the government of Maharashtra to protect the rights of slum dwellers and promote the development of slum areas.
The developer has the right to build and sell apartments in the open market by supporting slum upgrading projects and slum dwellers are provided with houses under the rehabilitation component of the project. Public Works Department (PWD) The PWD is primarily responsible for the construction and maintenance of roads, bridges and government buildings in Maharashtra. The department also acts as a technical advisor to the state government. (The writer is a social activist based in Vile Parle)
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