Activist countries

Egypt and Eswatini are the two worst African countries for workers, according to the ITUC global report

Other countries on the list of the 10 worst countries for workers in 2022 include Bangladesh, Belarus, Brazil, Colombia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Turkey and Guatemala.

The index ranks country performance in six categories ranging from 1 to 5+, with higher numbers signifying poor performance status. Countries classified in category 5 are those that have not yet achieved rule of law status. In contrast, category 5+ are countries without any guarantee of labor rights due to the breakdown of the rule of law.

According to the report, Egypt is one of the 10 worst countries for workers due to Repressive laws, Prosecution of strikersand Anti-unions and dismissals.

“On August 1, 2021, President al-Sisi approved legislation that allows public administrations to dismiss any public official suspected of belonging to groups classified as “terrorists” in Egypt as well as those who “harm public services or the interests economics of the state. On November 23, 2021, al-Sisi ratified amendments that codify and cement a permanent state of emergency in Egypt, allowing more civilians to be sent to military tribunals and further eroding fair trial guarantees,” indicates the report.

Eswatini, on the other hand, made the list of the 10 worst countries in the world for workers due to Serious violation of the freedom of assembly, Police violence.

According to the report, “Eswatini descended into a spiral of violence and repression as the 2021 pro-democracy protests were met with extreme police brutality. Police and government forces killed at least 72 protesters; hundreds more were injured and others detained, while some are still missing. Some activists went into hiding and others went into exile. Freedom of expression and assembly were severely restricted as later in the year further marches and strikes were violently repressed by the police, who used live ammunition, rubber bullets, tear gas and batons to disperse protesters. At least three workers were shot and many others seriously injured.

The ninth edition of the Index ranked 148 countries on their respect for workers’ rights. As a comprehensive review of workers’ rights in legislation, it is the only database of its kind. Violation cases and national rankings can be viewed by country and region.