The second day of the COP27 Climate Implementation Summit saw world leaders raise their voices for concrete action, particularly on adaptation and the thorny issue of loss and damage.
At a high-level event, the COP27 Presidency launched the Sharm el-Sheikh Adaptation Agenda to rally global action around 30 outcomes needed to address what the United Nations Environment Program environment (UNEP) has described as the climate “adaptation deficit”.
The program would build the resilience of four billion people living in the most climate-vulnerable communities by 2030. It has been dubbed the first comprehensive global adaptation-focused plan to rally governments and non-state actors behind a package joint actions.
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), nearly half of the world’s population will be at serious risk from the impacts of climate change by 2030, even with global warming of just 1.5 degrees. .
The #COP27 Presidency launched the “Sharm El-Sheikh Adaptation Agenda” to help 4 billion people adapt to climate change by 2030
The agenda places key human needs at the heart, as well as concrete and specific actions on the ground.
The plans cover action points on issues related to food security and agriculture, water and nature, human settlements, oceans and cities, among others.
COP27 President Sameh Shoukry invited state and non-state actors to join the agenda during the conference and beyond.
“This agenda brings together all components of society.” UN climate change chief Simon Stiell said at the event, reminding delegates that COP27 is about turning ambitions into results.
“Human needs must be at the heart of what we do… The mantra is implement, implement, implement,” he added.
New commitments on adaptation and loss and damage
Later, during a meeting with the press, Mr. Shoukry thanked some countries which, during their national statements, announced new commitments on adaptation.
“Specific commitments can help us move forward. I welcome Rishi Sunak’s announcement that the UK will triple its adaptation funding by 2025, even going beyond the pledge made last year in Glasgow,” he said.
Meanwhile, Germany announced $170 million for loss and damage, and Belgium €2.5 million, specifically in Mozambique, which suffered terrible losses last year due to extreme rains.
Austria also announced $50m for loss and damage, and Scotland, which had previously pledged £2m, announced a further £5m.
So far, only five European countries – Austria, Scotland, Belgium, Denmark and Germany – have pledged to address loss and damage.
Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission, urged leaders on Tuesday to follow her region’s lead in committing to climate finance for the developing world.
“Those most in need in the developing world must be helped to adapt to a harsher climate. We urge our partners in the northern hemisphere to meet their climate finance commitments to the southern hemisphere. Team Europe is gaining momentum… despite coviddespite the Russian war,” she says.
Meanwhile, small island developing states have continued to denounce developed countries for failing to deliver on their funding promises.
“We will fight relentlessly for climate justice, including in international courts,” warned Gaston Brown, Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda.
© UNICEF/Josh Estey Farming communities in the Pacific Ocean archipelago of Vanuatu are adapting to drier weather conditions.
Adaptation in Africa
At a COP27 leaders’ event on accelerating adaptation in Africa, Secretary-General António Guterres also called for more funding for adaptation.
“We need to invest heavily in adaptation if we want to be able to not spend a lot more money dealing with the consequences of the disaster,” adding that “it’s very clear, we need to be able to share adaptation and mitigation in climate finance”. ”.
Mr. Guterres reiterated that the Multilateral Development Banks have a huge capacity to mobilize and mobilize private finance that is not being used.
Nana Akufo-Addo, the President of Ghana, who was also present at the event, said that while Africa has done the least to cause climate change, people on the continent, especially young people, are suffering the worst impacts.
“Support and join the fight against climate change,” he urged world leaders.
Meanwhile, in his national statement, Paul Kagame, the President of Rwanda, argued that during the COVID-19 pandemic, external funding has not worked for vulnerable nations.
“The most valuable contribution that developed countries can make is to reduce their emissions faster while investing in Africa to build green and sustainable energy. The question of whether Africa is ready to use climate finance should not be used as an excuse to justify inaction,” he said.
UNDP Thailand Mangroves are planted on a beach in the Gulf of Thailand.
Other initiatives launched today include the Africa Carbon Markets initiative, which aims to expand Africa’s participation in voluntary carbon markets by setting targets for the continent and developing a roadmap of programs of action that will be implemented over the next few years to achieve these objectives.
In other highlights, a small island nation has asked COP27 for an international fossil fuel non-proliferation treaty, to phase out the use of coal, oil and gas.
“Warming seas are starting to swallow our land – inch by inch. But the world’s dependence on oil, gas and coal cannot sink our dreams under the waves,” said Tuvalu Prime Minister Kausea Natano.
Last September, during the United Nations General Assembly, Vanuatu also called for the establishment of this treaty.
Leaders of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) also appealed today to support developing countries.
“Climate disasters leave a long shadow…for decades, years or even generations, and there is growing recognition that we cannot leave vulnerable communities who have done little for this crisis to deal with these global crises on their own,” Theresa Anderson, climate policy coordinator for the NGO Action Aid, told a press conference.
She pointed out that developing countries represent six out of seven people on the planet, and they are all pushing for COP27 to establish a funding mechanism to address loss and damage.
“Rich, polluting countries must look beyond their own noses, recognize the importance of a new financing facility that can help devastated countries pick up the pieces and recover from the consequences of climate disasters,” stressed the activist.
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