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Africa: Developing countries fight climate change, while the rich make frozen promises – Will COP27 usher in a new era?

Cairo — The countdown to the UN Climate Summit COP27, to be held in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, from November 6-18, has begun.

This summit attracted the attention of world leaders, senior United Nations officials and thousands of environmental activists around the world.

The COP27 summit is an annual gathering of 197 countries to discuss climate change and what each country is doing to limit the impact of human activity on the climate.

About 90 heads of state have confirmed their presence at COP27 in Sharm el-Sheikh, according to the special representative of the Egyptian presidency.

Amr Abdel-Aziz, Director of Mitigation at the Egyptian Ministry of Environment, noted that the central theme of COP27 is implementation.

“We hope to demonstrate what this looks like in terms of mitigation and adaptation. If the summit can address the topic of implementation in all of its discussions, that will be a sign of its success,” Abdel-Aziz said.

The prime objective of COP27 is to obtain positive results in terms of reducing emissions; Also on the agenda is a discussion on the financing of loss and damage.

“We also intend to advance the agenda to double funding for climate adaptation by 2025 and reach agreement on the unfulfilled $100 billion financial commitment from developed countries,” he said. Abdel-Aziz told IPS.

The overriding objective is to strike a balance between the interests of all parties. The mitigation agenda, for example, is mainly driven by developed countries and small island developing states, which are currently experiencing severe impacts from climate change.

On the other hand, emerging markets are mainly responsible for adjustments, losses and damages.

“Our goal is to achieve a balanced result that meets all of these goals and objectives,” he continued.

“We wanted to cover as much of Egypt’s total emissions as possible,” says Abdel-Aziz. “We therefore focused on three sectors: energy, oil and gas, and transport. We also chose the industries most likely to reduce emissions.”

Abdel-Aziz says he is optimistic about the achievement of the goals, especially in the transport sector, which could even exceed the targets because significant progress has been made, especially in the field of “transport electrification and other forms of sustainable mobility”.

The main priorities of the summit are to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement and to make progress in the fight against climate change. According to scientific research, limiting global warming to 1.5°C by 2030 requires halving emissions.

“Climate finance needs to be available for this to happen,” COY 17 program manager Hossam Imam told IPS.

COY17 is an annual event organized by YOUNGO, the official youth group of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This year’s event will take place on the sidelines of the 27th Party Summit in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt (COP27).

Imam will work with 1,500 young people from 140 countries to draft the youth declaration, which will be delivered to the chair of the Climate Summit and discussed by high-ranking officials.

“The impact of climate change on indigenous peoples and coastal city dwellers who face flooding is one of the most pressing issues to be addressed in COY 17,” Imam said.

Environmental activist Ahmed Fathy told IPS that the most significant obstacle to developing countries achieving their climate goals is a “lack of adequate and adequate funding from developed countries. And, despite years neglect, financing for adaptation remains a top priority for developing countries”. , developing countries cannot combat and mitigate the effects of climate change.”

The Nile Valley and Delta, where approximately 95% of Egypt’s population resides, is only 4% of the country’s natural area. Climate change is expected to put pressure on these areas, especially the Nile, and the region could experience more frequent droughts.

“Egypt is also one of the few countries that really struggles with water scarcity,” Fathy added.

“Since the world is facing several economic problems in addition to the energy crisis, we hope that the conference will produce viable proposals,” said Fathy, the founder of the “Youth Love Egypt Association”, involved in the organization. of the COY17 conference and the promotion of COP27. “We expect the summit to produce an actionable charter and be the COP for actions rather than the COP for promises.”

Report of the UN IPS Office

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